PSY 280 Human Growth and Development

University of Phoenix Material

Developmental Stages Matrix

Developmental Stage Physical changes Cognitively changes Socioemotionaly changes
Infancy Grow quickly, profound changes, reflexes, motor skills, sensations, perceptions, supporting large disproportionate head, roll while lying, crawl, stand with support (basic motor functions) Easily attached, trusts caregivers,
Early Childhood Grow quickly, lose baby fat, longer limbs, abdominal muscles form, head still disproportionally large, running, jumping, turning, balance (large body movement) Attempt to understand, explain, organize, manipulate, construct, and predict, see patterns in events and objects

Difficult managing attention, confuse appearances with reality, focus on single aspect of experiences

Inability to distinguish their own point of view and the point of view of others

Capacity to help, cooperate, share, learn fear (anxiety) and aggression (hostility)
Middle and Late Childhood Growth spurts (girls 9-10, boys 11-12), frontal lobe development, gross and fine motor movement continues, faster, stronger, better coordinated, minor illness reduce frequency, obesity concerns begin Think systematically about multiple topics, increased problem solving, understand cause and effect ability to reason and act purposefully, memorize complicated amounts and types of information, empathy Understanding of society and rules of social behavior, peer relationships begin major role,
Adolescence Physical, emotional and intellectual growth continues, adjusting to new body changes (puberty), pituitary gland stimulates hormones, Think abstractly and deductively, consider future responsibilities, search answers, test hypotheses, draw conclusions, demonstrate conventional morality
Early Adulthood
Middle Adulthood
Late Adulthood

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