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  • Identify a test category that is relevant to your academic and professional career goals. The List of Tests by Type document identifies the 11 categories you may choose from. They include (1) intelligence/cognitive abilities, (2) achievement/aptitude, (3) personality, (4) behavior, (5) adaptive behavior, (6) neuropsychological, (7) career/business/organization, (8) autism, (9) depression, (10) preschool, and (11) behavior analytic skill assessments.
  • Select three tests from a single category using the List of Tests by Type document. (Note: If you have an interest in a particular test that is not on this list, then you may, as an option, submit a request to your instructor to include it in your first assignment with two other tests on the list in the same category. Your instructor will review it and determine if you may proceed with including that test in your assignment or recommend that you select three tests from the list.)
  • Compare and contrast these three tests according to the Code’s first four elements.
    • Access the Capella library and conduct a search. Use the MMY database to locate and read a review for each test.
    • Visit the publishers’ website for each test to obtain additional information.
    •  choose a database, for example, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, and ERIC (education research). Search for journal articles that are relevant to the four elements and each test. (

      Running head: HEXACO MODEL 1

      HEXACO MODEL 2

      HEXACO Model

      Miriam Obembe

      PSY 7610

      Capella University

      HEXACO Model

      Introduction

      Standardized tests are essential in providing a consistent form of evaluation of the nature of mentality of different individuals. The human psychology is linked to significant issues in the current times. The situation necessitates the utilization of various tests to gauge the state of affairs in the psychological sector. The tests are effective in assessment of different elements associated with the mental state. One of the most important tests is the HEXACO Model of Personality Structure. The test is integral in psychology as it is able to sufficiently assess different aspects of people including personality and attitudes

      The HEXACO Model of Personality Structure was developed by Ashton and Lee. The model is a based on the concept of division of the personalities of human beings into six dimensions. The model evaluates openness to experience extraversion agreeableness conscientiousness emotionality and honesty-humility. The personality test can be administered to persons of different ages and health situations. The test is especially important for people in their middle age years

      Articles Review

      De Vries R. E. (2013). 24-iten brief HEXACO Inventory (BHI). Journal of Research in Personality 44:871-880

      The article by de Vries (2013) focuses on the essence of short personality instruments. The short personality scales are mainly based on Big Five model despite the HEXACO model basis on a 6-dimension personality scale. The details on the reliability and validity provide better comprehension of factors associated with measurement scales. The core focus is on reliability of the test. The article also shows the aspects involved in the reliability biasness validity and variance. De Vries (2013) is able to display the different elements involved in measurement of reliability and evidence of validity. He shows how reliability is related to internal rater and temporal consistencies. The two latter consistencies are deemed to provide an unbiased systematic variance. It considers the test-retest reliability or stability and self-other agreements. The article displayed that the alpha reliabilities were low while test-retest validity and self-other agreement. There were significant levels of convergent validity with low levels of discriminant validity.

      Durand, G. (2017). Using the HEXACO Model of Personality to Test the Validity of the Durand Adaptive Psychopathic Traits Questionnaire.

      Durand (2017) used the HEXACO model to gauge the effectiveness of the DAPTQ. The main basis was on the influence of the sixth element of HEXACO which is the Honesty-Humility factor. DAPTQ has feasibly measured the relationship with the Big Five elements which are the core features of HEXACO model. It was also used to measure the effect of the sixth element. The focus was on the validity of the instrument. The study used a Confirmatory Factor Analysis to affirm the findings of from application of DAPTQ aspects in practice. The use of different tests is critical in providing evidence of validity. The findings reflected remarkable internal consistency and inter-correlation and test-retest validity. The outcomes showed that HEXACO model and DAPTQ were effective in assessment of adaptive personality traits.

      Gnambs T. (2014).Facets of measurement error for scores of the Big Five: Three reliability generalizations. Personality and Individual Differences. Volume 84. Elsevier.

      The article regards the Big Five measures of personality. The difference in reliability coefficients displays varying aspects of measurement errors. Reliability plays a huge role in the generalizability of the measures associated with the Big Five. The article implements the principles in the utilization of HEXACO model. The core basis of the resource is the reliability index. This article incorporates the main aspects of measurement error. These errors influence up to about half the variance score. The authors are able to display the impact of errors on the score. The main facets are transient random and scale-specific errors. There are different reliability coefficients which depict the measurement error. The impact of validity is limited in the consideration and the generalization of the measures. There are no indications of biasness or unfair treatment. The elements observed featured the test-retest reliability. There are no major implications on validity of the scale. The reliability generalization presented significant outcomes the test scores.

      Husbands, A., Rodgerson, M. J., Dowell, J., & Patterson, F. (2015). Evaluating the validity of an integrity-based situational judgement test for medical school admissions. BMC medical education, 15(1), 144.

      The article is built on the admissions to medical school with use of tests that gauge the qualification of the specific students. The tests provide significant psychometric evidence on the subject and show huge potential for administration of the tests in large scale. The article is established on measurement of the reliability of the tests administered to students. It uses the HEXACO personality inventory in determining the findings of the study. The authors base the research on a specific aspect of personality. The focus is on integrity which limits the potential errors in assessment of general personality of individuals thus ensure more accuracy. It utilized the Cronbach’s alpha reliability. The basis of the tests on the integrity of specific individuals ascertains the nature of fairness in the process. The study used test-retest type of reliability. There was significant correlation between the tests integrity and other relevant aspects of personality.

      Međedović, J., Čolović, P., Dinić, B. M., & Smederevac, S. (2019). The HEXACO personality inventory: Validation and psychometric properties in the Serbian language. Journal of personality assessment, 101(1), 25-31.

      The article is established on the need to validate the influence of the HEXACO model in a situation involving people of Serbian language. The methodology uses psychometric evaluation of the items provided under the model to reach conclusive outcomes. The article is mainly based on the psychometric validation of the items that are incorporated in the HEXACO model. The validity of the article is the core point of focus. The nature of questionnaires included in this article reflected features of evidence of validity. The source includes the Big Five elements. This article is built on the basis of developing and enhancing the nature of association between people. Reliability does not play a major role in this process. The article addressed the working of HEXACO-PI-R in Serbia but also featured the model in Croatian sample which helpful in overcoming potential errors. This is useful in addressing possible variance issues. The authors utilize predictive validity to affirm the outcomes of the research. The use of the Serbian language provides validation of the application of the HEXACO model in different settings.

      Oostrom, J. K., de Vries, R. E., & de Wit, M. (2019). Development and validation of a HEXACO situational judgment test. Human performance, 32(1), 1-29.

      The article was established on the effectiveness of the use of the six dimension structure with a situational judgment test. The validity of the six-dimension situational judgment tests are compared to the validity of criterion-related self-reports. The resources mainly addresses validity factor. The study used a substantial sample which helped limit the effect of errors on the final outcome. It incorporated different populations in compilation of the research. The evidence of validity is in the comparison of the six-dimension scale and the judgment tests associated with the criterion. The article covered four studies that comprised different employees. This was essential in cutting down any bias. Test-retest coefficients were essential in the test. The results showed that the situational judgment tests are able to provide an effective assessment instrument for human resources personnel.

      Wakabayashi, A. (2014). A sixth personality domain that is independent of the B ig F ive domains: The psychometric properties of the HEXACO P ersonality I nventory in a J apanese sample. Japanese Psychological Research56(3), 211-223.

      Wakabayashi (2014) set his research on the evaluation of the reliability of the HEXACO Personality Inventory with use of International Personality Item Pool and NEO Five-Factor Inventory. The core feature of the study was investigation of reliability. The amount of participants was significant enough to offset possible errors in variance. The reliability was gauged from the outcomes of the NEO and IPIP tests which showed relativity in the domains involved in all tests include in the study. The test-retest reliability was applied in this case. The different tests involved displayed similar outcomes as relates to personality of people. The psychometric aspects of the HEXACO tests were deemed satisfactory.

      Conclusion

      The HEXACO model has been applied in different levels and settings across the articles that have been included in this study. The findings are reflective of the feasibility of the use of the standardized test. The resources that have displayed reliability have shown that the application of the test has resulted in consistent outcomes across varied platforms. The findings have proven to be repeatable in different circumstances. The validity displayed in the other sources show that the elements in the model provide the measurement of the aspects that are supposed to be estimated. Then findings from the studies show high level of accuracy. This research has indicated that the HEXACO is very effective in evaluation of personality of people. The test is appropriate for application in the field.

      References

      De Vries R. E. (2013). 24-iten brief HEXACO Inventory (BHI). Journal of Research in Personality 44:871-880

      Durand, G. (2017). Using the HEXACO Model of Personality to Test the Validity of the Durand Adaptive Psychopathic Traits Questionnaire.

      Gnambs T. (2014).Facets of measurement error for scores of the Big Five: Three reliability generalizations. Personality and Individual Differences. Volume 84. Elsevier.

      Husbands, A., Rodgerson, M. J., Dowell, J., & Patterson, F. (2015). Evaluating the validity of an integrity-based situational judgement test for medical school admissions. BMC medical education, 15(1), 144

      Međedović, J., Čolović, P., Dinić, B. M., & Smederevac, S. (2019). The HEXACO personality inventory: Validation and psychometric properties in the Serbian language. Journal of personality assessment, 101(1), 25-31.

      Oostrom, J. K., de Vries, R. E., & de Wit, M. (2019). Development and validation of a HEXACO situational judgment test. Human performance, 32(1), 1-29.

      Wakabayashi, A. (2014). A sixth personality domain that is independent of the B ig F ive domains: The psychometric properties of the HEXACO P ersonality I nventory in a J apanese sample. Japanese Psychological Research56(3), 211-223.

 
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