Read the article at the following link from Counseling Today.
Write a one page summary of the chapter for this week as well as the article in the link above.
Write a 2 page summary and reflection of your readings.
What stood out to you?
How do your readings relate to the self-care plan you proposed in your discussion this week. At the end of the term, WEEK 9, you will evaluate your commitment, growth, and follow-through based on the plan you had created for yourself on week 2.
- Compassion Satisfaction and Fatigue
Wonder if you have Compassion Fatigue, Vicarious Trauma, are burned out, or in fact have Compassion Satisfaction? This is a highly reliable test and is used a great deal in research on the subject.
- Psychology Today, Burnout (Links to an external site.)
There are four neat articles from Psychology Today that are relevant to us all: “Why Am I so Burned Out?” “You Brain Needs a Break,” “The Fast Track to Burnout,” and “Take This Job and Love It” are all good articles on the basics of burnout and what to do about it.
- Headington Institute’s Web Page for Caregivers (Links to an external site.)
This page has a brief synopsis of signs and symptoms in relation to understanding and addressing vicarious trauma.
CHAPTER SIXTEEN: HUMAN SERVICES WORKERS IN CRISIS: BURNOUT, VICARIOUS TRAUMATIZATION, AND COMPASSION FATIGUE
HELPING PROFESSIONALS: PRIME CANDIDATES
Nature of the job is to be intensely involved with people who are in need of assistance.
Recipe for burnout: High levels of motivation Idealistic Expectation that their work will give their life a sense
Many helping professions have historically low success rates.
Human service field is becoming more difficult .
DEFINING BURNOUT Historical roots from the 1970s
“Burned out” physically, emotionally, spiritually, interpersonally, and behaviorally to the point of exhaustion.
Herbert Freudenberger (1974, 1975) Described young, idealistic volunteers working in
alternative health-care settings who started to look and act worse than many of their clients.
Burnout consists of the following: Lost energy to the point of exhaustion Lost enthusiasm to the point of absolute indifference Passion is replaced by cynicism Complete lack of confidence that your work is having
any positive impact
DYNAMICS OF BURNOUT Foundation Blocks of Burnout
Role ambiguity Role conflict Role overload Inconsequentiality Isolation Autonomy
Research on Burnout Dynamics
Myths That Engender Burnout
Symptoms of Burnout Behavioral Physical Interpersonal Attitudinal
DYNAMICS OF BURNOUT CONT.
Levels of Burnout Trait State Activity
Stages of Burnout Enthusiasm Stagnation Frustration Apathy
Secondary Traumatic Stress Vicarious Traumatization Compassion Fatigue
THE CULPABILITY OF ORGANIZATIONS
Much of the responsibility lies with the employer. Employee’s influence on policy and procedures Employee’s level of autonomy Employee’s feeling of appreciation
Employers should provide consultation and supervision.
Employers should offer support, social connection, and self-care opportunities.
SELF-RECOGNITION OF BURNOUT
NO ONE IS IMMUNE!
Everyone has a blind spot.
Typical MO is to increase effort (actually increases the problem) rather than attempting to change the situation.
INTERVENTION STRATEGIES Assessment
Burnout Compassion Fatigue and Compassion Satisfaction Work Environment
Intervention Through Training
Intervention With the Organization Burnout-Proofing an Agency Social Support Systems Support Groups The Individual and the Organization
PRIVATE PRACTITIONERS AND BURNOUT
Business Concerns Financial Client base Marketing services
Maintaining a Public Presence
Difficult Work Schedule Evenings Weekends Few vacations
INTERVENTION WITH THE INDIVIDUAL
Direct Action Palliative Action BASIC IDS
Behavior Affect Sensation Imagery Cognition Interpersonal relationships Drugs/biology Setting
EPILOGUE: CROSS-CULTURAL COMPARISONS
Victor Savicki (2002) landmark study using the Maslach Burnout Inventory subscales
General environmental work measures
Individual conformity measures
- Chapter Sixteen: Human Services Workers in Crisis: Burnout, Vicarious Traumatization, and Compassion Fatigue
- Helping Professionals: Prime Candidates
- Defining Burnout
- Dynamics of Burnout
- Dynamics of Burnout Cont.
- Worker–Client Relationships
- The Culpability of Organizations
- Self-Recognition of Burnout
- Intervention Strategies
- Private Practitioners and Burnout
- INTERVENTION WITH THE INDIVIDUAL
- Epilogue: Cross-Cultural Comparisons